What Is the History of Wine?

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Created On: Monday, 21, October 2019
Modified On: Saturday, 07, December 2019

The history of wine predates written records, and there is still much uncertainty about the details surrounding the first cultivation of wild grapevines. The earliest archaeological evidence for wine grape's dates to circa 6000 BC, with 8000-year-old ceramic storage jars with traces of wine residues inside them. The oldest discovered winery was found in a cave in Vayots Dzor, Armenia circa 4100 BC, which contained a wine press, fermentation vats, cups, and jars. Wine played an important role in many ancient cultures throughout the world, such as ancient Egypt, Greece, China, ancient Persia, and the Roman Empire. During the medieval period in the medieval middle east, Lebanon was among the oldest sites for wine production within the world. In medieval Europe during the middle ages, wine was a popular drink among all social classes, and grapes were cultivated all throughout Europe.

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As early as 1565 in the United States, wine was brought into the country by a Spanish expedition, and by 1619 the first legislation for wine was developed by England wanting its American colonies to plant grapes. The first grapes were planted in California in 1779, which constituted the first vineyard. In 1870, the state of Missouri was the nation's second largest wine producer, and by the time prohibition came around, wine became scarce, but some bottles were being sold at U.S. pharmacies as an anti-stress remedy. Some of the wineries in the United States did manage to survive during prohibition, making wine for religious services. Grape growers within different parts of the country prospered because it was legal to make wine at home during prohibition. In 1976, the United States made a major impact on the wine world, impressing winemakers from France, and later causing the number of wineries to grow significantly over the next 30 years.