What Is GHB?

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Created On: Saturday, 12, October 2019
Modified On: Friday, 18, October 2019

GHB is a central nervous system depressant and is commonly known as a club drug or date rape drug. Gamma Hydroxybutyrate is abused by teens and young adults within America. The drug is popular at bars, parties, clubs, and raves across the country. The drug creates a euphoria, increased sex drive, tranquility, and out of body experience. Gamma Hydroxybutyrate is also found in Xyrem, which is a brand name prescription drug, approved by the FDA in 2002. The drug is used to treat narcolepsy, and it is highly regulated within the country and is classified as a Schedule III controlled substance. GHB is also a naturally occurring metabolite within the brain in much lower concentrations. A central nervous system depressant is any type of drug that acts as a sedative, tranquilizer, or hypnotic. The drug is designed to slow down brain activity, which is why they are commonly abused drugs. The abuse of GHB will cause sweating, loss of consciousness, nausea, audio and visual hallucinations, headaches, vomiting, confusion, and amnesia. The repeated use of GHB does cause addiction, and withdrawal effects can include insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating.

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GHB is often combined with alcohol and other types of sedatives, and this will amplify the effects of the drug. The combination of GHB with other CNS depressants results in nausea, vomiting, and respiratory depression. When GHB is consumed in larger doses, it will result in sedation, seizures, coma, respiratory depression, causing death. The use of this drug in any amount carries some risk, and it does affect everyone differently. For example, the factors include the amount taken, the strength of it, your weight and size, and if other drugs are involved. Within 15 to 20 minutes of taking GHB, the user will experience feelings of euphoria, increased sex drive, lowered inhibitions, drowsiness, tremors, nausea, and diarrhea. It is also possible to easily overdose when taking GHB if this happens, medical attention is required immediately. The symptoms of overdose include vomiting, irregular or shallow breathing, confusion, irritation, and agitation. The user will also experience hallucinations, memory loss, blackout, and be unconsciousness for a period of three to four hours.

The effects of GHB are noticeable and distinct, and the drug can be easily abused. According to WebMD, GHB is used to treat depression, weight loss, improve muscle building, and provide relief from fibromyalgia symptoms. It is also a common dietary supplement used to promote relaxation and sleepiness. GHB has often been used to manage withdrawal symptoms, and prescriptions are used to treat narcolepsy. The potential for abuse is there, and whether it is found through a prescription or used illegally, it is a dangerous drug being abused by young adults across the United States.